FAQS

Adaptation: The process of adjustment to actual or expected climate and its effects. In human systems, adaptation seeks to moderate or avoid harm or exploit beneficial opportunities. In some natural systems, human intervention may facilitate adjustment to expected climate and its effects.

Source: IPCC (2013). Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis, Working Group I Contribution to the IPCC Fifth Assessment Report, glossary

Mitigation: A human intervention to reduce the sources or enhance the sinks of greenhouse gases.

Source: IPCC (2013). Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis, Working Group I Contribution to the IPCC Fifth Assessment Report, glossary

Article 1 of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) defines "Green house gases" as those gaseous constituents of the atmosphere, both natural and anthropogenic, that absorb and re-emit infrared radiation.

Source: UNFCCC 

In essence, climate variability looks at changes that occur within smaller timeframes, such as a month, a season or a year, and climate change considers changes that occur over a longer period of time, typically over decades or longer.

Source: WMO website 

Article 1 of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) defines "climate change" as: "a change of climate which is attributed directly or indirectly to human activity that alters the composition of the global atmosphere and which is in addition to natural climate variability observed over comparable time periods".

Source: UNFCCC 

Global Warming Refers to the overall warming of the planet, based on average temperature over the entire surface of the Earth.

Climate Change Refers to changes in climate characteristics, including temperature, humidity, rainfall, wind, and severe weather events over long term periods.