Telangana, is a semi-arid zone and has a predominantly hot and dry climate. The average annual rainfall is about 906 mm, 80% of which is received from the South-west monsoon. The areas Covered by the Deccan plateau are characterized by hot summers with relatively mild winter. The mean maximum temperature varies between 40 ﹾC and 43 ﹾC in May and the mean minimum temperature is 13 ﹾC to 17 ﹾC in December and January. The minimum temperature falls rapidly after October, and less than 10 ﹾC has also been recorded on certain days. The State experiences tropical climate with slight variations depending on the elevation and maritime influence and varies according to the rainfall, type of soils and cropping pattern.
EFFECTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE IN TELANGANA
• Higher vulnerability of the State towards climate change
• The river basins are prone to climate change impacts due to changing precipitation and temperature patterns
• Industrial hubs are prone to climate change impacts.
• Majority of rural and urban population is not aware about the climate change issues and impacts
• Strengthening of Climate Change knowledge center at EPTRI
• Climatic vulnerability studies in major river basins of the State
• Climatic and socio-economic vulnerability studies in industrial hubs prone to floods, erosions and scarcity of water and electricity.
• Climatic baseline studies in ULBs and Municipal Corporation.
• Demonstration projects at ULB and major Gram Panchayat levels
INITIATIVES BY EPTRI
• Environment Protection Training & Research Institute (EPTRI) is executing the project “Strengthening the State Climate Change Centre/Cell (SCCC) in the State of Telangana” sanctioned by Department of Science & Technology. As a part of this project, EPTRI will be taking up vulnerability studies, maintain knowledge portal, pesticides residual analysis. In addition to these studies, EPTRI will be taking up meteorological / climatological studies in sensitive/ non-sensitive zones. 9 major sectors which are seriously impacted by CC have been identified for the State. Agriculture and allied sectors, Forestry & Biodiversity, Energy, Industries (including mining), Transportation, Health, Urban development, Tourism and Rural Development.
• Environment Protection Training & Research Institute (EPTRI) is preparing the project “State Specific Action Plan (SSAP) for water sector for Telangana State”, in accordance with directions issued by Government of Telangana State & as per the ToR issued by National Water Mission, Ministry of Water resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation, Government of India.
• EPTRI is conducting capacity building programmes for various line deportments and stack holders of Telangana
• EPTRI is conducting training programmes for all concerned Departments to develop a climate change Knowledge portal for assisting decision makers in farming appropriate policy interventions in the activities of various Government Deportments
• EPTRI relentlessly trying to secure projects from various national and international funding agencies to addressing climate change adaptation and mitigation
• EPTRI trying to secured a project “ Increasing climatic resilience of urban water management system of Hyderabd”. The aim of the project is to develop a climate resilient urban water management system for the city of Hyderabad to ensure a comprehensive long term climate resilient and sustainable management plan.
2) Climate Change Impacts and Vulnerability Assessment in the State of Telangana Report-GIZ-2017 (draft)